502 Common Kingfisher

502 Common Kingfisher
The Common Kingfisher (Alcido atthis), also known as Eurasian Kingfisher or River Kingfisher, is about 16 cm long small bird with green-blue upper parts, azure blue back and rump, amber underside, long black beak, white throat, small orange legs, and short stubby tail. It is a resident species across Eurasia and North Africa.
They live on small fish and other aquatic insects which they catch from under water surface by flash diving from their perch.  They must eat about 60 per cent of their body weight each day to survive. So, these birds prefer shallow but clear water habitats where they can easily see their prey under water. This is why the Kingfisher density is an important indicator of the health of the freshwater bodies. Higher density indicates better quality water.

504 Pied Kingfisher

The Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) is a small, about 17 cm long, bird with black and white plumage and crest. It is a resident in sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. It lives on small fish and water insects. It detects its prey by hovering over the surface of water and then diving vertically to catch it. After catching the prey it rapidly comes out beak-first and manages to swallow it while flying.     

039 Rudy Shelduck

The Ruddy Shelduck (Tadoma ferruginea), also called Brahminy Duck, is 58-70 cm long duck with orange-brown body plumage, paler head, white wings with black flying feathers, and black bill and legs. Large flocks of these migratory birds winter in the Indian Subcontinent for breeding, generally choosing high altitude lakes and swamps in North India. They are nocturnal omnivorous aquatic feeders.

567 Small Minivet

The Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) is 16 cm long small singing bird with grey upperparts and head, strong dark beak, orange underparts fading to yellow or whitish on the belly, long wings, blackish feet, and orange tail edges, rump and wing patches. The female is less colourful with grey upperparts and whitish yellow underparts. It is a common resident breeding bird found in tropical southern Indian subcontinent.

564 White-browed Fantail

The White-browed Fantail (Rhipidura aureola) is 18 cm long bird with dark-grey brown upperparts and whitish underparts. Its wings have two rows of white spots. Its short feet and short broad beak are black. It has two broad white eyebrows that join in the forehead giving appearance of a white head band. Its fan-shaped tail feathers have white endings. It is an active bird feeding mainly on flying insects. It builds a neat cup-shaped nest in tree branches and the female lays 2-3 creamy-yellow eggs with grey-brown spots. The bird is a resident breeder found across tropical southern Asia.

521 Bank Myna

The Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) is about 21 cm long slaty grey bird having black head, brick red skin behind the eyes, brick red bill, yellow white legs, and pinkish buff tips of the outer tail feathers. It is found almost all over the Indian Subcontinent. The birds form foraging flocks and breed in colonially. They build nests in earth walls, embankments, and banks of rivers. The female lays 4-5 pale sky blue or greenish blue eggs twice during the breeding season.

057 Spotted Redshank

The Spotted Redshank (Tringa erithropus) is 29-31 cm long shorebird with white spotted black plumage in the breeding season that turns quite light otherwise. It has orange legs and a long black and red bill. It is found across Europe and northern Asia in summer, but migrates to tropical Asia and Africa in winter. (The pictures presented in the slideshow here were taken in late April of 2013.) The female builds nest on ground and lays 4 eggs.